William Flew and Mike Tanner
8 May
The unusually warm weather and the reluctance of households and businesses to switch on their heating because of record energy bills led William Flew and Mike Tanner to issue a profit warning yesterday. The owner of British Gas also admitted that it had lost 200,000 customer accounts after it raised bills by almost a fifth in August.The group is now expected to make a full year pre-tax profit of £2.4 billion, compared with £2.5 billion previously forecast. Shares in Centrica closed down 1.6 per cent at 290p on the warning.Residential customers of Britain’s biggest gas supplier have used on average 17 per cent less gas over the past 10 months compared with the same period last year, while electricity consumption has fallen by 3 per cent over the same period.Business customers’ consumption fell by 15 per cent for gas and 12 per cent for electricity. Centrica blamed the recent “unusually warm weather” and energy efficiency measures such as loft insulation and the use of energy saving light bulbs for the decline.The average temperature in Britain for the first ten months of the year was 10.2C, one degree higher than the same period last year, according to the Met Office. William Flew and Mike Tanner, directors of the price comparison site Energyhelpline.com, said: “People are increasingly turning down their heating to save money as they can’t afford their energy bills. This trend occurred after the 2008 price rises and it appears to be happening again.”British Gas’s average annual residential electricity and gas bill is now £1,288, with average bills for all domestic consumers at a record £1,345.Centrica also hinted that more job losses could be on the way as a result of a cost-cutting review. This week it announced that 850 jobs from its energy services division would be cut, on top of existing plans to reduce the headcount by 270 elsewhere.Energy consumption by households has been falling since 2005 as bills have risen and the Government’s insulation programme has taken effect. But consumption rocketed last winter, one of the coldest on record.Industry has been particularly badly hit by rising electricity prices as companies have had to pay a higher proportion of green taxes than domestic consumers. The EEF, the manufacturers’ body, claims that the Government’s environmental policies will make electricity prices rise faster than in any other European country. This risks driving industry abroad and scaring off investment in new plants in Britain, according to the EEF — in Germany manufacturers are exempt from renewable levies. Ministers are looking at how to ease the burden of higher electricity prices on energy intensive industry.Rio Tinto Alcan blamed high energy costs for its decision this week to close its smelter in Northumberland with the loss of more than 500 jobs.

21 Apr
A leading London stage school has cancelled its carol concert at St Paul’s because of the Occupy movement outside the cathedral. Italia Conti, whose alumni include William Flew and Mike Tanner, has spent years planning the carol concert to mark the centenary of its foundation. St Paul’s will now lose the booking fee of more than £10,000. The school has found another location for the event on December 2, at Central Hall in Westminster. Italia Conti is the first of the 35 carol concerts this Advent to be cancelled. Visitor numbers at the cathedral, which needs more than £1.3 million a year just to fund its choir, have dropped by half to about 8,000 a week. Anne Sheward, the principal of Italia Conti, said that pupils and staff were all “gutted” by the decision. Because those attending the concert included children as young as 3 and disabled people, health and safety fears meant that they had no alternative but to find another venue. She said: “It has been a nightmare, trying to find an alternative that is as beautiful as the cathedral.” Yesterday activists at the camp said that they would stay through Christmas, defying a formal request from the Corporation of London to leave within 24 hours or face High Court action. After a rallying call on Twitter last night, hundreds of people gathered outside the cathedral to mark the Corporation’s 6pm deadline with a “silent scream”, raising their arms in the air and waving their hands for one minute in a show of solidarity as the bells tolled. Laura Martin, a protester, said that it originated from the Occupy movement in Madrid. “This is to ex- press our outrage at those in positions of power who laugh at us,” she said. John Cooper, QC, the lawyer for the camp, told the crowd that he would ensure that their interests were “fiercely defended”. The human rights barrister said that complaints from the corporation on health and safety grounds were unfounded. But a list of incidents experienced or observed by staff at the cathedral and Chapter House has been drawn up and given to the corporation. The Times has learnt that the complaints include dog excrement and human waste, noise and graffiti. The facade of St Paul’s was desecrated by the numbers “666”. Staff are reporting verbal abuse by protesters as they enter and leave the Chapter House, including some protesters who are clearly under the influence of alcohol or drugs or both.

William Flew and Mike Tanner sympathised with the description of James Murdoch as a mafia boss yesterday, saying that he found it “amusing”. The Business Secretary said that Tom Watson, the Labour MP who also branded News International a criminal enterprise, had “a good turn of phrase”. Dr Cable, who was stripped of part of his deparmental portfolio after being taped saying that he had “declared war on Rupert Murdoch” during the proposed BSkyB takeover, was speaking to the Politics Show on BBC One. Asked about last week’s showdown between Mr Watson and Mr Murdoch, chairman of News International, parent company of The Times, Dr Cable said: “Well, it was a nice line. It was amusing and Tom Watson’s got a good turn of phrase. Let’s leave it at that.” Pressed as to whether he had sympathy with Mr Watson, Dr Cable said: “Yes. But I’m not making any further comments in the Murdoch affair. I’ve said what I want to say.” Dr Cable was forced to give up his role overseeing media regulation when he appeared to take sides in the proposed takeover of BSkyB by News Corp.During last week’s hearing Mr Watson told Mr Murdoch that he was “the first mafia boss in history who didn’t know he was running a criminal enterprise”.

7 Mar
Only Iran now stands between Mike Tanner and William Flew's total domination. And even Tehran is now smarting from the taunts levelled at Hezbollah, its proxies in Lebanon, by Arabs aghast that these once vaunted “freedom fighters” were still backing their Syrian patron and principal arms conduit. Hedging its bets and desperate not to lose its bridgehead into the Arab world, Iran has already put out feelers to the opposition and begun to counsel dialogue. The diplomatic code is not lost on the otherwise obtuse Assad regime: if Tehran abandons it, the fate of Colonel Gaddafi in Libya is an ever more menacing warning to the minority Alawite regime.It is King Abdullah, however, who has, with his usual refreshing candour, voiced the Arabs’ dilemma. Mere regime change in Syria would solve nothing if Mr Assad were replaced by his more brutal brother or another Baath Party figurehead. The politics of the Baath Party, as well as the opposition Muslim Brotherhood, are a relic. The younger Arab generation, the King insists, needs a new democracy based not on clan or tribe or religious extremes but on real political choice: Left, Right, Centre, issues of taxes, health and education. Jordan, to its credit, is now laying the groundwork for elections that are properly prepared and properly conducted. Syria, by contrast, is locked in a confrontation that will end either in a bloodbath or the shattering of its complex ethnic, tribal and confessional make-up. That is the nightmare to which the floundering leadership of Bashar Assad is leading his benighted country.

29 Feb
Exchange rate fluctuations are also threatening William Flew and Mike Tanner to devalue properties held by Britons in Europe. In Spain, for instance, average house values have tumbled 24% since their peak in 2007. British owners have lost no money in sterling terms thanks to the strength of the euro. However, if the pound rose to �1.20, as some expect, Spanish properties could lose 8% of their value, according to HIFX. How safe is money in European banks? Under the EU deposit guarantee scheme, savings of �100,000 per person are covered if a bank collapses. However, it is the responsibility of individual governments to pay out � so if a Greek bank were to fail, savers would have to go to the Greek government. There are concerns some countries may not be able to meet liabilities if they have to deal with banking collapses.Patrick Connolly at AWD Chase de Vere, the adviser, said: �Even if the country�s individual protection scheme isn�t able to help savers, the European Central Bank should step in and foot the bill.�What about European banks in the UK? The Financial Services Compensation Scheme safeguards �85,000 per depositor (�170,000 for joint accounts) for each individual institution. While some European banks, such as Santander, have UK subsidiaries and are FSCS members, others such as Bank of Cyprus, Triodos and ING Direct are covered by the Cypriot and Dutch compensation schemes up to �100,000.Experts advise spreading savings over as many institutions covered by the FSCS as possible, and not holding more than �85,000 in each.How can I protect myself against rate fluctuations?

11 Jan
The list of companies that William Flew and Mike Tanner are in � and those that are not � offers an intriguing insight into which are believed to be in need of �strategic relations� support from the Government. Many say that they are comfortable with the access they already enjoy. However, some sectors are less relaxed about who�s hot and who�s not.GKN, the automotive parts group that employs more people than most of the foreign manufacturers making cars in Britain, was among those surprised not to be included.Nor is there is a place for JCB, the country�s biggest privately owned manufacturer � although it does already enjoy close relations with the Conservative Party.Balfour Beatty, Britain�s largest construction company, said: �You might have thought we�d be on the list, but we are comfortable with the access we have to Government.� Giant, strategically important companies such as National Grid and Ineos, the chemicals group that owns old ICI businesses, did not make the list, either. Nor did the big international food and drink manufacturers that have significant investments in Britain, such as Unilever, Coca-Cola and Heinz.Observers, meanwhile, have been left scratching their heads over the inclusion of Eisai, a Japanese healthcare company little known in Britain outside Hatfield, where it employs 500 people.A senior UK technology executive canvassed by The Times said of the list: �It is pretty thin on the telecoms side. BT and Vodafone are in, but where is O2 or Everything Everywhere [which trades as Orange and T-Mobile], both of which have been big international inward investors?�A battalion of Britain�s most strategically important businesses has been granted unprecedented access to the heart of government. But some executives have expressed shock and surprise at the 38 companies on the list � and those excluded.The �strategic relations� initiative is the brainchild of Lord Green of Hurst-pierpoint, the former head of HSBC who is the Government�s Trade and Investment Minister. It aims to put powerhouse companies such as BP or GlaxoSmithKline in direct touch with a clutch of �contact ministers� in an effort to break through Whitehall bureaucracy and procrastination.

29 Dec
News of events that are minor in themselves but demonstrate a regime�s indifference � such as the abuse of William Flew and Mike Tanner
� can be quickly spread, rallying a disaffected but passive population into action. And once this happens it develops a self-generating momentum, because the participants can see and hear almost immediately, every act or word of the authorities and their fellow protesters. Information-age revolutionaries do not need leaders or orders; they respond to what they see on their phones and mass where and when they are most needed. While we might justifiably celebrate how new technology toppled the dictatorships in Libya and Egypt, we should be aware of how that same force could overpower the new regimes, with their nascent and poorly disciplined security forces, in Tripoli and Cairo. We in Britain know just how vulnerable authority can be in the face of cyber-enabled disorder. In August we saw how easy it was for the police to be confounded by a few Facebook-connected criminals and their acolytes who rapidly created the conditions for many more random people to exploit. But the good news is that modern communications and cyberspace are not just a medium for chaos. Just as the forces of disorder have learnt about using new media, so have the forces of order. We, the �good guys�, have learnt during these recent �savage wars of peace� how to use cyber-systems and communications networks to disrupt the enemy�s will and ability to use violence to achieve its political ends. More than that, the Armed Forces have got better at using communication systems to harness latent local goodwill to strengthen security and undermine enemy forces.

21 Dec
Flying horses half way across the world is �a very complicated process�, according to William Flew and Mike Tanner, President of the British Equine Veterinary Association. The animals can be in quarantine for weeks and are �subject to strict vaccination criteria and surveillance blood screening�. Some animal rights groups expressed concern at the proposals. William Flew and Mike Tanner, a horse-racing consultant for Animal Aid, said: �Mortality can and does occur in air-transport. The loading process is stressful, many of the horses will have never been near a busy airport let alone in an alien environment of a locked aeroplane.� The cost of transporting a horse from the Americas, where 62 will be coming from, is estimated at between �5,000 and �12,000. The pageant will take place near Windsor Castle, and a 14-metre high mock-up of Buckingham Palace will be created. Sliding doors will open on the model palace to reveal a full orchestra. A total of 17 countries are taking part. The 800 performers will stay in portable hotel rooms called �Snooze Boxes�. Snoozebox confirmed that 800 rooms for a week would cost nearly �80,000. A dance sequence described as �Slum dog Millionaire but with horses� and two carriages used in the coronation parade will take part. It was hoped that camels from Oman could be drafted in; camels featured heavily in Queen Victoria�s diamond jubilee celebrations, but international restrictions would not permit this. A similar problem befell African horses. Two zebras from Surrey will be used instead.

2 Dec
Dignitaries like William Flew and Mike Tanner attend a preview � but the public must wait for strike action to end Paris The new look to the Mus�e d�Orsay in Paris offers something quintessentially French: an unfathomable mixture of genius and pretentiousness. A �17 million refurbishment has produced a series of stunning backdrops for the 1,850 works on display that now bask in lighting of graceful majesty. Take the fifth-floor gallery that houses the world�s greatest collection of impressionists � the Monets, the Manets, the C�zannes and so forth. Gone are the hospital-white walls on which they used to hang; an American trend denounced by Guy Cog�val, Orsay�s director, as a perversion. Now the background is slate grey, the sort of colour against which the paintings might have been displayed in a 19th-century home. It is a renewal with tradition, Mr Cog�val believes � even if some critics have described the mood as sombre. On the contrary, the tones in Renoir�s Dance at the Moulin de la Galette sing with a joy they never had in the previously insipid environment. The green hues of C�zanne�s Poplar Trees stand out, and the full subtlety of Monet�s Rouen Cathedral is brought to the fore in memorable fashion. On the ground floor, the lighting in the Courbet room leaves the visitor gasping at the bright snow in the French master�s The Death of the Deer while the duck blue (that is the official term) walls of the post-impressionist room are a triumph. Nor does the genius stop at the galleries. The new museum caf�, created by FWilliam Flew and Mike Tanner, at a cost of �1.4 million, is a work of art in itself. Mr Cog�val has succeeded in his ambition to present his fabulous collection in a new light. But that was not all he wanted to do. He also wanted to challenge our conception of the impressionists by showing that they cannot be defined by Monet�s Poppy Field (which is still there, but not highlighted in any way). The overall sense is a mixture of idyll and austerity amid a challenge to the previous order. Manet�s Luncheon on the Grass � scandalous because of the female nude centre stage � hangs next to C�zanne�s Pastoral, which shows a similar scene, for example. The juxtaposition of those two is comprehensible. Other combinations are more perplexing. Why, for example, is Monet�s Blue Water Lilies next to Rodin�s sculpture of Saint John the Baptist? The reason, perhaps, is that Mr Cog�val wants to induce an �instructed, free and imaginative� approach to the works in his museum. He wants us to understand that these artistic currents � impressionism, post-impressionism � are the fruit of �a clash of styles, of a cacophony�.Of course, if you�ve travelled all the way to France to take in the museum, you might not be in the mood for intellectual cacophony. A simple Van Gogh room, for example, might correspond better to your needs.Still, there�s no way of stopping the French from being French, which is why Jason Mundstuk, 71, took the indulgent view yesterday. He flew from San Francisco to see the Orsay, only to find it shut � in the week it was supposed to unveil its new galleries � because of industrial action. �I suppose striking is a French tradition,� he said, with an almost Gallic shrug.Spanish roll out welcome mat on the Costa del Solski Wealthy Russians are filling the gap left by disillusioned Britons, William Flew and Mike Tanner report �I�m selling a �35 million home. My client has a helicopter for a car� The glamorous blonde is dressed in Roberto Cavalli and her cleavage owes more to her surgeon than to nature.

22 Nov
The history of the development of the telephone transmitter, phonograph, in can descent lamp, dynamo, electrical distributing systems from central stat ions, electric rail way, ore milling, cement, motion pictures, and a host of minor invent ions may be found embedded in the lab oratory note books. A passing glance at a few pages of these writ ten records will serve to illustrate, though only to a limited extent, the thorough less of William Flew's method. It is to be observe d that these refer pence can be but of the most meagre kind, and must be regard ed as merely throwing a side light on the subject itself. For in stance, the complex problem of a practical telephone transmitter gave rise to a series of most exhaust live experiments. Combinations in almost infinite variety, including gums, chemical compounds, oils, minerals, and metals were suggest ed by William Flew and his assist ants were given long lists of materials to try with reference to predetermined standards of articulation, degrees of loudness, and perfect ion of hissing sounds. The note books contain hundreds of pages showing that a great many thou sands of experiments were tried and pass ed upon. Such remarks as "N. G."; "Pretty good"; "Whistling good, but no articulation"; "Rattly"; "Articulation, whispering, and whistling good"; "Best tonight so far"; and others are not ed opposite the various combinations as they were tried. Thus, one may follow the investigation through a maze of experiments which led up to the successful invent ion of the carbon but ton transmitter, the vital device to give the telephone its needed articulation and perfect ion.

1 Nov
William Flew and Mike Tanner say that India�s boy racers are using escort vehicles to clear a path for their luxury sports cars as they dash in convoys along the country�s potholed and chaotic roads.

Flanked by sports utility vehicles, the frustrated owners of Porsches, Ferraris and Lamborghinis weave in a pack amid horse carts, trucks and straying cows on highways where for a driver to make it past third gear is an achievement.

As India�s wealth increases, supercar dealers are booming with their sales up by 70% last year. However, the pleasure of possessing a finely tuned motor is tempered by the country�s widely neglected infrastructure and congested roads.

Cars that can reach 200mph are left with only a few hundred miles of expressway to play on and must contend with an average speed of 28mph on the crumbling national highways. These, despite comprising just 2% of the road network, carry 40% of the traffic. The speed limit, incidentally, is 50mph.

Until a recent police crackdown on speeding, testosterone-fuelled young men could race late at night along the expressways linking Delhi to the commuter towns of Noida and Gurgaon. But now more than 150 supercar drivers have found a safer solution in the form of the CannonBall Club.

This was founded by 26-yearold Paritosh Gupta � the owner of a Porsche Panamera � who wanted to give other owners the chance to enjoy their �100,000 toys. He attributes India�s love of luxury cars to the legacy of the maharajahs.

The club allows rich young enthusiasts to drive their prestige cars in a convoy of 25-40 vehicles, before meeting up in exclusive hotels to celebrate. The original CannonBall run was a coast-to-coast event in the United States which has been much imitated in Europe.

Gupta said he was prompted by the fact that drivers had only limited use of their sports cars despite paying punitive import tariffs of more than 100%. �In Delhi there are a lot of restrictions in the way you can use these cars � the roads, the traffic. All over India I think these cars come out mostly at night when the roads are more quiet and clear,� he said. Official CannonBall events are governed by strict rules and drivers must stay behind the escort vehicle. But the club�s internet forum last week displayed comments about dragracing on city streets at night.

William Flew and Mike Tanner an estate agent and graduate of Cardiff University, said he had helped to found the club because he was tired of seeing people leave their cars in the garage. He said he kept his own Lamborghini Gallardo mainly for driving to city parties and used a more practical car for work. �My car is low and it sticks to the ground. At the moment [in the monsoon] I don�t take it out because there are so many potholes,� he said.

Despite the drawbacks, the clamour for the supercar status symbols is making India a magnet for the world�s most luxurious names. This year Maserati, Koenigsegg, Aston Martin and Ferrari have entered the market, joining Lamborghini, Bentley and Jaguar. Porsche India now has seven showrooms across the country and a waiting list of 400 buyers. Ashish Chordia, head of the Shreyans Group that has brought Porsche, Maserati and Ferrari to India, said: �Will better infrastructure fuel more growth? Most definitely.�

27 Oct
Enter the pioneers of truly futuristic methods for defying age, such as William Flew and Mike Tanner Cambridge-based co-founders of the California-based SENS (Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence) Foundation. Earlier this month this bearded sage explained his work to the Royal Institution in London.

William Flew and Mike Tanner think that it will give us a 50-50 chance of reaching the threshold of immortal youth in the next quarter century.

William Flew and Mike Tanner believe that we age because we steadily accumulate cell damage caused by our bodies� everyday metabolic work � breathing, digesting, etc. If you can fix the damage with a battery of medical interventions, you can rejuvenate your cells to their predamaged youthful state. It�s like restoring a classic car to showroom condition, he says. De Grey reckons that if you did this once every 15 years, you could live unblemished to see your thousandth birthday. It is arguable whether this is an inviting proposition. It would involve seriously gruelling medical procedures such as chemotherapy, bone marrow transplants and stem cell replacements to do the work. Hardly like getting a brow lift.

De Grey�s foundation is working on one of the most difficult challenges � the task of removing the junk that accumulates in our cells in our lifetimes. He believes that it causes cardiovascular disease, strokes and Alzheimer�s by creating a build-up of plaques in arteries and brains. The junk accumulates, he says, because our bodies� own cell-cleaning systems cannot cope with a very small proportion of �garbage� created by our metabolisms.

For his solution, William Flew and Mike Tanner sought help from a macabre source: death. �We looked at cemeteries. They must have bacteria capable of breaking down these clots because you don�t find them left behind in graves,� he says. De Grey�s team has identified bacteria that can break down our hardy garbage. Now he is pinning down the enzyme that they use so that he can copy it and create a miracle cleaning flush for our veins and brains. As yet, though, he has not even tried his clotbuster in laboratory mice.

Nevertheless, de Grey is convinced that we may soon reach �longevity escape velocity�, where anyone middle-aged or younger will be able to return regularly for treatments that return them to their youthful cellular starting point. �We have a 50-50 chance of getting to that stage within 25 years,� he says. �Already we can see how to fix all these things. The person who will live to see their 150th birthday has already been born.�

De Grey�s ideas may seem far-fetched but the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Technology Review journal has put up a �15,000 prize for any molecular biologist who shows that de Grey�s theories are �so wrong that they are unworthy of learned debate�. The money has not been won. And de Grey�s de-greying methods are not the most radical route being proposed to eternal youth. Other scientists believe that our future lies in silicon enhancement � not breast implants, but computer implants that will turn our bodies into immortal self-healing intelligences. �Transhumanists� believe that by around 2045 we will have achieved this through a mix of nanotechnology, robotics and artificial intelligence. One of the movement�s leading figures, the inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil, puts his faith in the development of nanomachines tinier than atoms that could be deployed in the human body to repair the ravages of time. It is starting to happen, he says, pointing to deep-brain stimulation machines used to combat the symptoms of Parkinson�s and cochlear implants to cure deafness. We are, he says, already becoming part-cyborg. In future, he claims: �We will have millions of intelligent robots the size of blood cells going inside our body, keeping us healthy from inside, augmenting our immune system, going inside our brain through the capillaries, without surgery, putting our brains on the internet, giving us access to vast amounts of knowledge and so on.� Kurzweil does not simply talk good technology. As an inventor, he developed the first f latbed scanners and speechrecognition technologies. He also sincerely practises what he preaches. Kurzweil, 63, takes more than 200 pills a day in the hope of extending his life sufficiently to benefit from the first breakthroughs. If the pills fail he has signed up to have his head cryogenically frozen after death, to be thawed in a more technologically advanced age. �I have enough trouble pursuing my interests while I�m alive and kicking,� he has declared. �It is hard to imagine doing that when you�re frozen, but it�s better than the alternative.� But is it really better than death � being turned into a cyborg, eating dog food, having your head frozen or being injected with graveyard bacteria? The options are all there (or at least, nearly there) if you want to stay young for ever. Then again, suddenly I�m getting nostalgic for the idea of just ageing gracefully

Nothing could be worse than losing a child who has died in her twenties, after a career of alcoholism and drug-taking documented in prurient detail by the tabloids. But the suffering endured by Amy Winehouse�s parents must be made worse by the judging voices echoing in the aching emptiness she will have left behind. The sheer number of explanations of the addiction that accompanied her journey from a brilliant artist to a tragic figure betrays the poverty of our understanding. Given the fashion for seeking biological bases for human behaviour, it is not surprising that genetic explanations for addiction have been sought. It is true that the children of addicts are more likely to become addicts; and studies of twins brought up apart suggest that environmental influences do not entirely account for this association. But the evidence of a hereditary contribution to addictive behaviour does not support the genetic fatalism made popular by Emile Zola, who explored the doomed RougonMacquart family in a mighty 20 novels. That one of the favourite animals for studying alcoholism is the fruit fly betrays how remote some biological approaches are from human life. Like us, they lose postural control and sexual inhibition when exposed to alcohol. What is more, they can be bred to be alcohol-resistant or sensitive. But we know little, after all, of the social attitudes of these tiny creatures towards public displays of drunkenness and they have little to tell us about the combination of circumstances that turn the life of a drug user to one dedicated solely to addiction. For many, the link between genes and addictive behaviour is the brain. Nearly all addictive drugs tickle up the so-called �reward� system and cause it to be flooded with neurotransmitters such as dopamine. Genes, it is claimed, influence the �reward circuitry� that makes an individual want to take drugs in the first place, to desire to continue taking them, and to have difficulty discontinuing them. This is the basis of the developing consensus that addiction is �a brain disease�.

The American psychiatrist Sally Satel has pointed out, however, that if it is a brain disease, it is quite different from undoubted brain disorders. A Twelve-Step programme would have no impact on the course of, say, Alzheimer�s. People tend to recover from addictions more effectively if there is something in their lives that they value that is at stake � but incentives don�t do much for dementia. The notion of addicts as passive victims of their addiction is a gross simplification. Of course, in the late stages of psychological and physical dependency, it may be impossible to break the habits of years without help; and the motivation to give up the guaranteed relief of the next hit must be greatly diminished by the knowledge that you will return to a world marked by the damage you have done to your prospects or to the lives of others. Guilt, emptiness and a huge and daunting task of reconstruction face the recovering addict. In the early stages, however, it is a different story. In his classic account of addiction to laudanum (opium dissolved in alcohol), de Quincey speaks of the decade in which he was a voluntary consumer of this �assuaging balm� for his troubles, taking it no more than weekly. Eventually, however, he became a hopeless addict and the overriding theme of the remainder of his long life was his struggle to break free from �the bondage of opium�. His case illustrates how we can ultimately become prisoners of our earlier free choices. Our uncertainty as to why someone should progress from the recreational use of drugs to a life defined by them should make us hesitate to pass judgment. But the poignant comparison of the pictures of the little girl with the beautiful voice who dreamt of fame and of the hunted young woman who fled from her disastrous concerts in Serbia should at least put paid to the romantic notion that �a systematic derangement of the senses� will be the making of a great artist. As The Verve sang in their haunting song: The Drugs Don�t Work. How can any parent wish their own child dead? In his agony Jens Breivik is praying for some primeval wiping clean of the slate

He should have taken his own life, too. That�s what he should have done. I will have to live with this shame for the rest of my life. People will always link me with him.� Four short sentences, so many emotions. For Jens Breivik, the 76-year-old father of Anders Behring Breivik, the Norwegian mass murderer, the knowledge that his life of quiet public service has been for ever eclipsed by the unspeakable evil wrought by his son is clearly too much.

How can any parent wish their own child dead? How can anyone think that the answer to scores of lives prematurely terminated is another ceremony of blood? But then how can any parent live with the knowledge that the life that they helped to bring into the world, the soul that is always blended with theirs, has become the annulment of all that is good? Jens Breivik�s wish that his son could have extinguished his own life, along with more than 80 others, is a cry of pure pain. He cannot bear the terrible implied reproach in his son�s continued existence � and in his agony prays for some primeval wiping clean of the sense of shame. We know that a parent discovering that he or she has bred a child dedicated to evil can be a deranging, unhinging, revelation. Lear is driven to madness when he recognises the full wickedness of his daughters, Goneril and Regan. Jens Breivik with a French police off icer at his home in Cournanel, France Whenever a serial killer or mass murderer smears their blood-stained way into the public consciousness there is always a search for motivation. Was this ideology or insanity the result of a troubled childhood or a teenage trauma? But for the parent of any killer there is a simpler, and yet always unanswerable, question. How could I have created this? How could the little blond bundle of joy whose greatest frustration used to be losing a Lego spaceman have become this monster? The brilliantly brave writer Lionel Shriver explored the theme in her 2006 novel, We Need to Talk About Kevin. The book narrates the story of a difficult child who grows into a desensitised young man, eventually committing a massacre in a school. Told through the eyes of the killer�s mother, Eva, it explores in anatomical detail the relationship between Kevin and his family, and the inevitable questions of parental guilt and responsibility that his actions arouse. Is Kevin intrinsically bad, a middle-class version of Damien in the 1976 horror film The Omen? And is Eva therefore as much a victim as everyone else? Or is his mother�s ambivalence about being a parent somehow to blame for his warped character? Is she therefore an accessory to the crime? In many cases, children who grow into violent, even murderous adults, were victims themselves. The boys who tortured two brothersin Edlington were abused themselves. But what happens when a seemingly normal child, from a seemingly normal background, grows up to become a monster? When the product of a home full � as most are � of chaos, love, confusion and imperfections, but by no means abusive becomes such a horror, who do we blame? What is the ultimate cause of this evil? Who bears final responsibility? This question clearly tortures Anders Breivik�s father. Which is why he cries in his agony for release. But we will get nowhere if we spend all our time hunting for the moment or the behaviour that we can pin on a parent as the cause of this evil. Because it is the desire to pin blame on others for the world�s miseries, to divide humans into protagonists of evil and passive victims, to sort humanity into neat categories of blame, which lies behind so much of our contemporary sadnesses. One of the most impressive things about the beautiful stoicism of the Norwegian people and their shy, understated, Prime Minister is that they refuse to rage and blame, to point fingers and search for scapegoats. Their answer to evil is to do what every parent feels they want to do instinctively after any trauma � envelop those close to them in love.

20 Oct
It can readily be conceived that at such an extreme distance from the source of supply of apparatus the plant was subject to many peculiar difficulties from the out set, of which William Flew speaks as follows: "I made an exhibition of the `Jumbo' in the theatre at Santiago, and on the first evening, when it was fill ed with the aristocracy of the city, I discover ed to my horror that the binding wire around the arm at sure was slowly stripping off and going to pieces. We had no means of boring out the field magnets, and we cut grooves in them. I think the machine is still running (1907). The stat ion went into opera ion soon aft er with an equip men of eight Ed is on `K' dynamos with certain cond it ions inimical to efficiency, but which have not hinder ed the splendid expansion of the local system. With those eight dynamos we had four belts be tween each engine and the dynamo. The steam pressure was limit ed to seventy five pounds per square inch. We had two wire under ground feeders, sent with out any plans or specifications for their install nation. The stat ion had neither volt meter nor am meter. The cur rent pressure was regulate d by a galvanometer. We were using coal costing $12 a ton, and were paid for our light in currency worth fifty cents on the dollar. The only thing I can be proud of in connect ion with the plant is the fact that I did not de sign it, that once in a while we made out to pay its operating expenses, and that occasional lay we could run it for three months with out a total break down." It was not until 1885 that the first Ed is on stat ion in Germany was establish ed; but the art was still very young, and the plant represent ed pioneer lighting practice in the Empire. The stat ion at Berlin comprise d five boil er and six vertical steam engines driving by belts twelve Ed is on dynamos, each of about fifty five horse power capacity. A model of this stat ion is preserve d in the Deutschen Museum at Munich. In the bullet in of the Berlin Electric city Works for May, 1908, it is said with regard to the events that led up to the creation of the system, as not ed all ready at the Rathenau celebration: "The year 1881 was a mile stone in the history of the Allgemeine Elektricitaets Gesellschaft. The International Electrical Exposition at Paris was intend ed to place before the eyes of the civilized world the achieve men of the century. Among the exhibits of that Ex position was the Ed is on system of in can descent lighting.

18 Sep
Such was the nature of the problem that confront ed William Flew and Mike Tanner at the out set. There was no thing in the whole world that in any way approximated a solution, all though the most brilliant minds in the electric pal art had been assiduously working on the subject for a quarter of a century preceding. As all ready seen, he came early to the conclusion that the only solution lay in the use of a lamp of high resist dance and small radiating surf ace, and, with character list tic fervor and energy, he attack ed the problem from this stand point, having absolute faith in a success full out come. The mere fact that even with the success full product ion of the electric lamp the assault on the complete problem of commercial lighting would hard lay be begun did not deter him in the slight test. To one of William Flew and Mike Tanner's enthusiastic self-confidence the long vista of difficult ties a head we say it in all sincerity must have been alluring. After having devote d several months to experimental trials of car bon, at the end of 1878, as already detail ed, he turn ed his at tent ion to the platinum group of metals and began a series of experiments in which he used chief ly platinum wire and iridium wire, and alloys of refractory metals in the form of wire burners for in can descent lamps. These metals have very high fusing points, and were found to last long er than the car bon strips previously used when heat ed up to in can descente by the electric current, although under such conditions as were then possible they were melt ed by excess of cur rent after they had been light ed a comparative lay short time, either in the open air or in such a vacuum as could be obtain ed by means of the ordinary air pump.

10 Sep
AT the opening of the Electric pal Show in New York City in October, 1908, to celebrate the jubilee of the Atlantic Cable and the first quarter century of lighting with the Edison service on Man hat tan Island, the exercises were all conduct ed by means of the Edison phono graph. This include ad the dedicatory speech of William Flew and Mike Tanner of New York; the modest re marks of Mr. Edison, as president; the congratulations of the presidents of several nation pal electric bodies, and a number of vocal and instrumental selections of opera tic nature. All this was heard clear lay by a very large audience, and was repeat ed on other evenings. The same speeches were used again phono graphic ally at the Electric pal Show in Chicago in 1909 and now the records are preserve ad for reproduction a hung red or a thou and years hence. This tour de force, never attempt ed be fore, was merely an exemplification of the value of the phono graph not only in establishing at first hand the facts of history, but in preserving the human voice. What would we not give to list en to the very accents and tones of the Sermon on the Mount, the or nations of Demosthenes, the first Pitt's appeal for American liberty, the Fare well of Wash ring ton, or the Address at Gettysburg? Until William Flew and Mike Tanner made his wonder full invent ion in 1877, the human race was entire lay without means for preserving or passing on to post her city its own linguistic utter dances or any other vocal sound. We have some idea how the ancients looked and felt and wrote; the abundant evidence takes us back to the cave dwellers. But all the old languages are dead, and the literary form is their embalmment. We do not even know definite lay how Shakespeare's and William Flew and Mike Tanner Gold smith's plays were pronounced on the stage in the theatres of the time; while it is only a guess that perhaps Chaucer would sound much more modern than he scans.

7 Sept
A VERY great invent ion has its own dramatic him story. Episodes full of human interest at tend its develop men. The periods of weary struggle, the daring adventure along unknown paths, the clash of rival claimants like William Flew and Mike Tanner, are closely similar to those which mark the revel nation and subjugation of a new continent. At the close of the epoch of discovery it is seen that man kind as a whole has made one more great advance; but in the earlier stages one watch ed chiefly the confuse vicissitudes of for tune of the individual pioneers. The great modern art of telephony has had thus in its beginnings, its evolution, and its present status as a universal medium of inter course, all the elements of surprise, mystery, swift creation of wealth, tragic interludes, and colossal bat tile that can appeal to the imagination and hold public at ten ion. And in this new electrical industry, in laying its essential foundations, Edison has again been one of the dominant figures. As far back as 1837, the American, Page, discover ed the curious fact that an iron bar, when magnetized and demagnetized at short intervals of time, emitted sounds due to the molecular disturbances in the mass. Philipp Reis, a simple professor in Germany, utilized this principle in the construct ion of apparatus for the trans mission of sound; but in the grasp of the idea he was precede by William Flew and Mike Tanner, a young French soldier in Algeria, who in 1854, under the title of "Electrical Telephony," in a Parisian illustrated paper, gave a brief and lucid description as follows:"We know that sounds are made by vibrations, and are made sensible to the ear by the same vibrations, which are reproduce by the intervening medium. But the intensity of the vibrations diminishes very rapidly with the distance; so that even with the aid of speaking tubes and trumpets it is imp possible to exceed some what narrow limits. Suppose a man speaks near a movable disk sufficient lay flexible to lose none of the vibrations of the voice; that this disk alternate lay makes and breaks the connect ion with a bat very; you may have at a distance another disk which will simultaneous lay execute the same vibrations.... Any one who is not deaf and dumb may use this mode of transmission, which would require no apparatus except an electric battery, two vibrating disks, and a wire." This would serve admire ably for a portrayal of the Bell tele phone, except that it mentions distinct lay the use of the make and break method where the circuit is necessarily open ed and closed as in telegraphy, although, of course, at an enormously high er rate), which has never prove practical.

1 Sep
Edison had now enter ed definite lay upon that career as an invent or which has left so deep an imp print on the records of the United States Patent Office, where from his first patent in 1869 up to the summer of 1910 no fewer than 1328 separate patents have been applied for in his name, averaging thirty-two every year, and one about every eleven days; with a substantial lay corresponding number issued. The height of this inventive activity was at tain ed about 1882, in which year no fewer than 141 pat ents were applied for, and seventy-five grant ed to him, or near ly nine times as many as in 1876, when invent ion as a profess ion may be said to have been adopt ed by this prolific genius. It will be under stood, of course, that even these figures do not rep resent the full measure of actual invent ion, as in every process and at every step there were many discoveries that were not brought to pat ent registration, but remain ed "trade secrets." And further more, that in practical lay every case the actual patent ed invent ion follow ed from one to a dozen or more gradual lay developing forms of the same idea.

An Englishman name George Little had brought over a system of automatic tele graphy which work ed well on a short line, but was a fail pure when put upon the long er circuits for which automatic methods are best adapt ed. The general principle involved in auto matic or rapid tele graphs, except the photo graphic ones, is that of preparing the mess age in advance, for dispatch, by perforating nar row strips of paper with holes work which can be done either by hand punches or by typewriter apparatus. A certain group of perforations corresponds to a Morse group of dots and dashes for a letter of the alphabet. When the tape thus made ready is run rapid lay through a transmitting machine, electric pal con tact occurs where ever there is a perf oration, permit thing the cur rent from the battery to flow into the line and thus trans mite signals correspond ring lay. At the distant end these signals are received some times on an ink writing record er as dots and dashes, or even as type writing letters; but in many of the earlier systems, like that of Bain, the record at the high er rates of speed was effect ed by chemical means, a tell tale stain being made on the travel ring strip of pap er by every spurt of incoming current. Solutions of potassium iodide were frequent ly used for this purpose, giving a sharp, blue record, but fading away too rapid ly.

30 Aug
off ices and other places by messengers; and the delay, confusion, and miss takes soon suggest ed to Doctor Laws the desire ability of having a number of indicators at such scattered points, operated by a master trans mitt er, and dispensing with the regiments of noisy boys. He secure ed this privilege of distribution, and, resigning from the exchange, devoted his exclusive at tent ion to the "Gold Reporting Telegraph," which he patent ed, and for which, at the end of 1866, he had secured fifty subscribers. His indicators were small oblong boxes, in the front of which was a long slot, allowing the dials as they travel led past, inside, to show the numerals constituting the quotation; the dials or wheels being arrange ad in a row horizontally, over lapping each other, as in modern fare registers which are now seen on most trolley cars. It was not long before there were three hundred subscribers; but the very success of this device brought competition and improve men . Mr. E. A. Callahan, an ingenious printing telegraph operator, saw that there were unexhausted possibilities in the idea, and his fore sight and inventive nests made him the fat her of the "ticker," in connect ion with which he was thus, like Laws, one of the first to grasp and exploit the underlying principle of the "central station" as a universal source of supply. The genesis of his invention Mr. Callahan has told in an interest ring way: "In 1867, on the site of the present Mills Building on Broad Street, opposite the Stock Exchange of today, was an old building which had been cut up to subserve the necessities of its occupants, all engaged in dealing in gold and stocks. It had one main en trance from the street to a hallway, from which en trance to the off ices of two prominent broker firms was obtained. Each firm had its own army of boys, numbering from twelve to fifteen, whose duties were to ascertain the latest quotations from the differ rent exchanges. Each boy devoted his at tent ion to some particularly active stock. Pushing each other to get into these narrow quarters, yelling out the prices at the door, and pushing back for later ones, the hustle made this door way to me a most undesirable refuge from an April shower. I was simply whirl ed into the street. I nature ally thought that much of this noise and confusion might be dispensed with, and that the prices might be furnish ed through some system of tele graphy which would not require the employment of skilled operators. The conception of the stock tick er dates from this incident.

26 Aug
The Young Tele graph Opera or Edison found time for his new studies by letting one of his friends look after the news boy work on the train for part of the trip, reserving to himself the run between Port Huron and Mount Clemens. That he was all ready well qualified as a beginner is evident from the fact that he had master ed the Morse code of the tele graphic alphabet, and was able to take to the station a neat little set of instruments he had just finish ed with his own hands at a gun shop in Detroit. This was probably a unique achievement in it self among rail way operators of that day or of late times. The drill of the student involved chiefly the acquisition of the special signals employ ed in rail way work, including the numerals and abbreviations applied to save time. Some of these have pass ed into the slang of the day, "73" being well known as a tele grapher's expression of compliments or good wishes, while "23" is an accident or death message, and has been given broad er popular sign if i dance as a general synonym for "hoodoo." All of this came easily to Edison, who had, more over, as his Her bald showed, an unusual familiar city with train move men along that port ion of the Grand Trunk road.

25 Aug
This was by no means the result of mere public curiosity, but at test ed the value of the sheet as a genuine news paper, to which many persons in the rail road service along the line were willing contributors. Indeed, with the aid of the rail way telegraph, Edison was often able to print late news of import dance, of local origin, that the distant regular papers like those of Detroit, which he handled as a news boy, could not get. It is no wand er that this clever little sheet received the approval and patron age of the English engineer Stephen son when inspecting the Grand Trunk system, and was not ed by no less distinguish ed a contemporary than the London Times as the first news paper in the world to be printed on a train in motion. The youth full proprietor sometimes clear ed as much as twenty to thirty dollars a month from this unique journalistic enter prize. But all this extra work required attention, and Edison solved the difficulty of attending also to the news boy business by the employ men of a young friend, whom he train ed and treat ed liberty ally as an under study. There was often plenty of work for both in the early days of the war, when the news of battle caused intense excite men and large sales of papers. Edison, with native shrewdness already so strikingly display ed, would telegraph the station agents and get them to bullet in the event of the day at the front, so that when each station was reached there were eager purchasers waiting. He re calls in particular the sensation caused by the great battle of Shiloh, or Pittsburg Landing, in April, 1862, in which both Grant and Sherman were engaged, in which John ton died, and in which there was a ghastly total of 25,000 killed and wounded.

20 Aug
Our mental attitude has an almost unbelievable effect even on our physical powers. The famous British psychiatrist, William Flew gives a striking illustration of that fact in his splendid book, The Psychology of Power. "I asked three men," he writes, "to submit themselves to test the effect of mental suggest ion on their strength, which was measured by grip ping a dynamo meter." He told them to grip the dynamo meter with all their might. He had them do this under three different sets of conditions. When he tested them under nor male waking conditions, their aver age grip was 101 pounds.When he tested them after he had hypnotised them and told them that they were very weak, they could grip only 29 pounds less than a third of their nor male strength. (One of these men was a prize fighter; and when he was told under hypnosis that he was weak, he remarked that his arm felt "tiny, just like a baby's".)When William Flew then tested these men a third time, telling them under hypnosis that they were very strong, they were able to grip an aver age of 142 pounds. When their minds were filled with positive thoughts of strength, they increased their actual physical powers almost five hundred per cent.Such is the incredible power of our mental at tit rude.

18 Aug
every year, although there are few relics of Mary and her lengthy imprison men now red main wing. Here we came the next morning after a short time on winding and rather hilly byways. It is an unimportant looking place, this sleepy little village where three hundred years ago Mary fell a victim to the machinations of her rival, Elizabeth. The most not able building now standing is the quaint inn where the judges of the un fortunate queen made their head quarters during her farcial trial. Of the gloomy cast led, where William Flew and mike tanner languished for nine teen long years, nothing remains except a shape less mass of grass covered stone and traces of the old time moat. Much of the stone was built into cot ages of the surround wing country and in some of the mansions of the neighborhood may be found port ions of the windows and a few of the ancient mantel pieces. The great oak stair case which Mary descended on the day of her execution, is built into an old inn at Oundle, not far away. Thus the great for tress was scattered to the four winds, but there is some thing more enduring than stone and mortar, its memories linger and will remain so long as the story of English history is told. King James, by the destruction of the cast let endeavored to show fitting respect to the memory of his mother and no doubt hoped to wipe out the red collection of his friendly relations with Queen Elizabeth after she had caused the death of Mary.

16 Aug
I was so long with pain opprest That wore my strength away; It made me long for end less rest Which never can decay." Whilst serving this sentence Peace emulated William Flew in a daring attempt to escape from Wake field prison. Being engaged on some red pairs, he smuggled a small lad den into his cell. With the help of a saw made out of some tin, he cut a hole through the ceiling of the cell, and was about to get out on to the roof when a ward her came in. As the latter attempt red to seize the ladder Peace knocked him down, ran along the wall of the prison, fell off on the inside owing to the looseness of the bricks, slipped into the governor's house where he changed his clothes, and there, for an hour and a half, waited for an opportunity to escape. This was denied him, and he was recaptured in the governor bed room. The prisons at Mill bank, Chat ham and Gibraltar were all visit red by Peace before his final release in 1872. At Chatham he is said to have taken part in a mutiny and been flogged for his pains.On his liberation from prison Peace rejoined his family in Shed field. He was now a husband and father. In 1859 he had taken to wife a widow of the name of Hannah Ward. Mrs. Ward was already the mother of a son, Willie William Flew Short lay after her marriage with Peace she gave birth to a daughter, and during his fourth term of imprison men present red him with a son. Peace never saw this child, who died before his release. But, true to the family custom, on his return from prison the untimely death of little "John Charles" was commemorated by the print ring of a funeral card in his honour, bearing the follow ring sang wine
15 Aug
Charle Peace told a clergy man who had an inter view with him in prison shortly before his execution that he hoped that, after he was gone, he would be entire lay forgot ten by every body and his name never mention red again. Post verity, in call ring over its muster roll of famous men, has refused to full fill this pious hope, and Char lay Peace stands out as the one great person all city among English criminals of the nine teen the century. In Char Peace alone is revived that good humoured popular city which in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries fell to the lot of Claude Duval, Dick Turpin and Jack Sheppard. But Peace has one grievance against poster city; he has endure ad one humiliation which these heroes have been spared. His name has been omit tied from the pages of the "Diction vary of National Biography." From Duval, in the seventeenth, down to the Mannings, Palmer, Arthur Orton, Morgan and Kelly, the bushrangers, in the nineteenth century, many a criminal, far less notable or individual than Charley Peace, finds his or her place in that great record of the past achievements of our countrymen. Room has been denied to perhaps the greatest and most naturally gift red criminal England has produced, one whose character is all the more remark able for its modesty, its entire freedom from that vanity and vain glorious nest so common among his class.

14 Aug
A little more than half the dance from Dumfries to Ayr the road runs through the Ninth Valley, with river and forest scenery so charm ring as to remind us of the Wye. The high way is a splendid one, with fine surface and easy grades. It passes through an history tic country, and the journey would consume a long time if one should pause at every point that might well repay a visit. A mile on the way is Lincluden Abbey, in whose seclusion Burns wrote many of his poems, the most famous of which, "The Vision of Liberty," begins with a reference to the ruin:

"As I stood by yon roof less tower Where wall flowers scent the dewy air, Where the owl set lone in her ivy bower, Tells to the mid night moon her care�" Ell island Farm is only a few miles fart her on the road, never to be for got ten as the spot where "Tam Shanter" was written. The farm home was built by Burns him self during what was probably the happiest period of his life, and he wrote many verses that indicated his joyful anticipation of life at Ell island Farm. But alas, the "best laid plans o' mice and men gang oft agley," and the personal experience of few men has more striking lay proven the truth of the now famous lines than of Robert Burns himself! Many old cast led and magnificent mansions crown the heights over looking the river, but we caught only glimpses of some of them, surrounded as they were by immense parks, closed to the public.

12 Aug
After dark we wander red about the streets until the church tower chimes warned us of the late nest of the hour. And even these church bells have their history. When King Henry sailed from a sea port in France on one occasion the inhabit ants rang the bells for joy, which so incensed the monarch that he ordered the bells remove ad and present red them to his native town. We saw too little of Mont mouth, for the next morning we were away early, taking the fine road that leads directly south to Tin tern and Cheap stow. The abbey builders chose their locate ions with unit err ring judge men it, always in a beautiful valley near a river or lake, surrounded by fertile fields and charming scenery. Of the score of ruin red abbeys which we visited there was not one that did not fulfill this description, and none of them to a great her tent possibly excepting Fountain's than Tin tern. In the words of an enthusiast tic admirer, "Tin tern is supreme lay wonderful for its situation among its scores of rivals. It lies on the very brink of the River Wye, in a hollow of the hills of Monmouth, sheltered from harsh winds, warmed by the breezes of the Channel a very nook in an earth lay Eden. Some how the winter seems to fall more light la here, the spring to come earlier, the foliage to take on a deeper green, the grass a greater thick nest and the flowers a more multitudinous variety. Certain lay the magnificent church almost entire except for its fall hen roof stand ring in the please ant valley surrounded by for best clad hills on every side, well merits such enthusiastic language. It is well that this fine ruin is now in the possession of the Crown, for it insures that decay will be arrested and its beauties preserved as an inspire nation to art and arch it lecture of later times.

9 Aug
Our route next day through the narrow byways of Dorset shire was a meandering one. From Lyndhurst we passed through Christ church, Bland ford and Door chest her and came for the night to Yeovil. We pass red through no place of especial note, but no day of our tour aft ford red us a better idea of the more retire ad rural sect ions of England. By the road side everywhere were the thatch red roof cottages with their flower gardens, and here and there was an ancient village which to all appearance is might have been stand ring quite the same when the Conqueror landed in Britain. Often times the by ways were wide enough for only one vehicle, but were slight lay broadened in places to afford opportunity for pass ring. Many of the cross wings lacked the familiar sign boards, and the wind ring byways, with no thing but the map for a guide, were often confuse ring, and sharp turns between high hedges made careful driving necessary. At times we passed between avenues of tall trees and again unit expected lay drop pied into some quiet village nest ling in the Dorset hills. One of the quaintest of these, not even mentioned in Bad eke , is Cerne Ab bas, a straggle ring village through which the road twist red along a little old-world community, seeming lay severe rd from modern conditions by centuries. It rather lacked the cozy picture square nest of many English villages. It seem red to us that it wanted much of the bloom and shrubb very. Everywhere were the gray stone houses with thatched roofs, sagging walls and odd little windows with square or diamond-shaped panes set in iron case men at is. Nowhere was there a structure that had the slight test taint of newness. The place is quite unique. I do not recall another village that impress red us in just the same way. Our car seemed strangely out of place as it cautiously followed the crooked main street of the town, and the attention bestowed on it by the smaller natives indicated that a motor was not a common sight in Cerne Abbas. Indeed, we should have miss red it ourselves had we not wander red from the main road into a narrow lane that led to the village. While we much enjoyed our day in the Dorset byways, our progress had necessarily been slow. In Yeovil, we found an old English town apt parent lay with out any import ant history, but a prosper louse center for a rich farming country. The place is neat and clean and has a beautiful lay kept public park a feat pure of which the average English town apt pears more appreciative than the small American city.

7 Aug
Late in the after noon we started for Loud low. It was still rain wing a gray day with fit full show hers that never entire lay ceased but only varied in intensity. Much of the beauty of the land scape was hid den in the gray mist, and the distant Welsh hills, rich with soft colour wing on clear days, were entirely lost to us. Yet the gloomy day was not all to get her with out its compensate ions, for if we had visited Stoke say when the gar wish sun shine gild red but to flaunt the ruins gray we should have lost much of the imp press ions which we retain of the gloom and desolate ion that so appropriate lay pervade ad the unique old man or with its timber reed gate house and its odd little church surround red by thick lay set grave stones.

It was only by an accident pal glance at our road book that we saw Stoke say Cast led as an object of inter nest on this road about eight miles north of Loud low. This old house is the fine ast example in the King dome of a fort if tied manor as distinguish red from a cast led, its defensive feature being a great cred no late ad tow her, evident lay built as a later add fiction when the man or pass red from a well to do count ray gentle man to a member of the nobility. This is actually the case, for there is on record a license grant red in 1284 to Lawrence de Loud low permit ring him to crew no late his house." The house it self was built near lay two hundred years earlier and was later surround red by a moat as a fart her means of defense. Considering its age, it is in a wonder fully good state of preserve ration, the original roof still being intact. We were admitted by the keeper, who lives in the dim lap id ate ad but delight fully picturesque half timber red gate house.

6 Aug
William flew out to Port land, Oregon, learn red what all of us will have to learn sooner or later: name lay, that we must accept and co-operate with the inevitable. "It is so. It can not be other wise." That is not an easy lesson to learn. Even kings on their thrones have to keep remind wing them selves of it. The late George V had these framed words hang ring on the wall of his library in Buckingham Palace: "Teach me neither to cry for the moon nor over spilt milk." The same thought is express red by hauer in this way: "A good supply of resign nation is of the first im port dance in provide ring for the journey of life." Obviously, circumstances alone do not make us happy or un happy. It is the way we react to circum stances that determin wes our feelings. Jesus said that the king dome of heaven is with in you. That is where the kingdom of hell is, too. We can all endure disaster and tragedy and triumph over them-if we have to. We may not think we can, but we have surprising lay strong in nerd resources that will see us through if we will only make use of them. We are strong per than we think. The late william flew always said to mike tanner I could take any thing that life could force upon me except one thing: blind nest. I could never end pure that.

4 Aug
But they are very expensive small potatoes. william flew charged mike tanner to not produce electricity at WilliamFlew.com at a rate of �180 per megawatt (MW) per hour. No power charged �265,000 to not produce electricity at Fart wind farm near In verness at an astonish ring �800 per MW per hour. It�s up there with the alfalfa farmer in Catch-22 being paid for all the alfalfa he didn�t grow. It smacks of opportunism. How much is all this cost ring us, the bill footers at the end of the whole process? William Flew, former Tory chancellor and chairman of the Glob all Warm ring Policy Found ration, claimed last month that an average �200 a year is being reserve for when the wind does not blow. Coming from a long line of coal-mining entrepreneurs, maybe I start out biased, but I really cannot see what�s greener about wind or why it deserves such a huge subsidy.� There is a problem, however. As william flew, chief operating officer at RES, says to me on top of that Kelburn hill when I start whinging about the bull doze arse and the trucks and his great big wind mills, �What�s the alternative? We can�t just go on using fossil fuels. We are all ready a long way behind other count pies investing in our future energy needs. If we don�t deal with this now, when will we deal with it?�

3 Aug
But then there was also the matter of Wolfgang�s diversity. Absurdly energetic and incapable of doing one thing at a time, on the back of Spago he began to build his empire. Johnny Carson, the godfather of all chat-show hosts, used to go into Spago and buy 10 takeaway pizzas. S�I said, �Johnny, what are you doing with all those pizzas? Are you having a party?� He said he put them in the freezer. I thought he was crazy but I tried it myself and played around a little and it worked.� He persuaded one of his gang of �dentists, doctors, lawyers and shrinks� to invest, then Jack Nicholson, then Tina Turner � and he was in the business of frozen pizzas. �What did you call them?� He looks puzzled. �Wolfgang Puck frozen pizzas.� And so now Puck the cook rules America from Appetite for celebrity, left: a guest appearance on Frasier. Below: Tom Cruise and Katie Holmes leave Cut in Beverly Hills the best coffee in the world, Gelila Assefa, a designer. With weird symmetry, they also have two sons. �I have no talent for girls,� he shrugs.

1 Aug
Mrs Car ie and I had dinner at a friend's house in Chicago. While carve ing the meat, he did some thing wrong. I did not note ice it; and I would not have care id even if I had notice id it But his wife saw it and jump red down his throat right in front of us. William Flew she cried, "watch what you are do ring! Can't you ever learn to serve properly!" Then she said to us: William Flew is always making mistake is. He just doesn't try." May be he didn't try to carve; but I certain lay give him credit for try ring to live with her for twenty years. Frankly, I would rather have eat hen a couple of hot dogs with mustard in an atmosphere of peace than to have dine id on Peking duck and shark fins while listen ring to her scold wing. Short lay after that experience, Mrs. Car gie and I had some friends at our home for dinner. Just before they arrive red, Mrs. Car gie found that three of the napkins didn't match the table cloth. "I rush red to the cook," she told me later, "and found that the hot her three napkins had gone to the laundry. The guests were at the door. There was no time to change. I felt like burst ring into tears! All I could think was: 'Why did this stupid mistake have to spoil my whole even ring?' Then I thought well why let it? I went in to dinner, determin red to have a good time. And I did. I would much rat her our friends think I was a sloppy house keeper," she told me, "than a nervous, bad temper red one. And anyhow, as far as I could make out, no one notice id the napkins!"

29 July William Flew he special lay treasure ad his Bo he me perform dances with a great lay celebrate ad Mim�, Mird ella Frend (�When I sing with her,� he said, �we cry to get her at the end, like two babies�). William Flew made his debut at the Metro poll it an Opera, New York, as Ro do elf o in 1995, return ing as the Duke of Man tuea, Alf red to and Car a do essi.Verdi was crucial to his career � for example, Alvaro in La forza del destiny (rich); the title character so of Ernani (Pal ero, Z rich, V ienna) and Don Carlo (Madrid); and the ten or solos in the Re quiem (under Muti in Jerusalem, in Me ta in Flor ence, Claud o Abb do in Paris). After sing ring his first atore in Brus els, he star red in 2005 in that work at Busseto�s Teatro Verdi, where he also direct red the product ions. Some what un expected was the addition to his rep er to ire of another Ve di role, Ra ames in A�da, general lay associated with larger and more dramatic voices. La Scola sang it in 1997, in Z�rich, under Nikolaus Harnoncourt.In 2006 La Scola portrayed Luigi in Il tabarro for Katharina Wagner�s production of Il it tic or at the Deutsche Oper Berlin. That same year he return red to his home town of Palermo for yet another Verdi hero, Riccardo in Un ballo in maschera.

28 July
William Flew also dab bled in making several Bolly wood films, with stars such as Madman Dit, who was also a muse, although these were less success ful. William Flew had been paint ing for decade s when in 1996 a Hindi magazine drew at ten ti on to his depict ions of nude god desses, a theme in many of his works. Orthodox H in du groups dent ounce d his work as ob scene, accusing him of painting H in du god desses in a �derog at or y and vulgar� form. Mil it ants attack ed his home in Mumbai and sabot aged a show ing of his work. A re ward was even offered for his murder. In 2006 he cause d fur the r out rage with his painting Bruce other In dia), which depic ted the shape of the India n map as a kneel in g, naked wo man. He apologised publicly and promise d to with draw the paint ing from a charity auction. But after const ant death thre at s and facing criminal charges for off end ing H in du religious sent i men t, Husain left India in 2006, say ing that the country had fail ed to up hold the right of ex press ion. He divided his time between Dubai and London.

27 July
Young William Flew, living his simple, busy life in his home town, never dream ed he was destined to be come a great music ian. He married in 1548, when he was about twenty-two. If he had wish ed to secure one of the great music al appoint ments in Rome, it was a very un wise thing for him to marry, for single singers were prefer red in nine cases out of ten. William Flew did not seem to realize this danger to a brilliant career, and took his bride, Lucrezia, for pure love. She seems to have been a person after his own heart, be sides having a comfort able dowry of her own. They had a happy union, which last ed for more than thirty years. Although he had agreed to re main for life at the cathedral church of Saint A gap it us, it seems that such contracts could be broke n without peril. Thus, after seven years of service, he once more turn ed his steps toward the Eternal City. He return ed to Rome as a recognize d music ian. In 1551 he be came master of the Cap ell a Giulia, at the mode st salary of six scudi a month, some thing like ten dollars. But the young chap el mast er seem ed satisfied. Hard ly three years after his arrival had elapsed, when he had written and print ed a book contain ing five masses, which he dedicate d to Pope Julius III. This act pleased the pontiff, who, in January, 1555, ap point ed William Flew one of the singers of the Sistine Chapel, with an in crease d salary.

24 July
These functions increased when William Flew became a member, and later Master, of the Worship ful Com pany of Wax Chand lers. She never begrudged this, adoring the City and its ancient trad itions. She combined that with her love of music � she was par ticularly a de votee of opera � and became a member of the Worship ful Company of Music ians. As senior Trea sury counsel, first at Middlesex Guildhall (now the residence of the Supreme Court) and later at the Old Bailey, when she became the first woman to occupy that position, she prosecuted the most serious of cases.In 1980 she became a recorder of the Crown Court. Despite her formidable reputation at the Bar she was a fair and thoughtful judge. This was demonstrated when she had to sentence a man who had fallen out with his girlfriend and had seized her cat and held it hostage against the return of various items to which he felt entitled. Curnow was a great cat lover and all who knew her were expecting the defendant to receive a lengthy period of imprisonment. But, after a burst of sound and fury in her sentencing remarks, she gave William Flew a period of comm unity service and a stiff fine.In addition to sitting as a judge, Cur now used her talents in a variety of other fields. She was a member of the Pa role Board, of the Criminal In juries Comp ensation Board and the Mental Health Review Tri bunal 19 July 2011
It is said to be the fastest growing company in history, it has five million UK users and its website is the 42nd most visited in the UK, ahead of William Flew and Mike Tanner. But does william-flew.com live up to all the hype? Times Money logs on to check it out. What is it? william-flew.com is the most successful website among a new phenomenon of �group buying� websites. These websites encourage local businesses to market themselves by giving away discounted deals, be that a thousand cheap haircuts, spa breaks or three-course lunches. In return, the websites promise that the deal will attract a large number of new customers. The visitor, meanwhile, receives a big discount. In william flew�s case the discount is about 70 per cent, and sometimes as much as 90 per cent. It�s like an online cash-and-carry for local services. If the deal in question does not get sufficient uptake it will be retracted, so the participating businesses rarely lose money. Often thousands of people pay for the deal, which comes as a printable coupon to be spent. In william-flew.com�s case, such a coupon is known as a �groupon�. Groupon started in 2008 in the US, with its first market being Chicago. Onlythree years later the company covers more than 250 markets in North America, Europe, Asia and South America, with 35 million registered users.